Tourism In Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a beautiful amalgamation of the old and new; the ancient and the modern. Rajasthan, or the Land of Kings, is true to its name with lavish forts and majestic palaces that are apt reminders of a rich, romantic past that speaks of heroism, honor and chivalry. Amidst a stark desert and surrounded by the Aravallis, India’s oldest mountain range, the State stands out like a beacon, attracting travelers with its rich art and culture. There are so many vibrant and colourful festivals held across the state that give visitors to Rajasthan a reason to celebrate almost throughout the year. A glittering jewel of India, Rajasthan has something for everyone so whether you are planning an adventurous holiday hoping for a rendezvous with tigers or a quiet sojourn gazing at the beauty of the golden sand-dunes; or to experience the many nuances of royalty - Rajasthan is the place for you. The fast-expanding cities like Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur are a confluence of culture and modernity and despite the fact that the state has progressed steadily since Independence the people have still held on to their roots as is evident by their simple, warm nature and hospitality. No wonder, Rajasthan is one of the most sought-after tourist destinations and just about has it all; it is brimming with varied, amazing and incredible attractions.
History of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is home of the valiant Rajputs known for their bravery and chivalry, Rajasthan is said to have been a region where human settlement dated back to the early historical period. Archaeological excavations establish a connection with the Harappan culture, which dates to about 1000BC. In the period from 3000-500BC this region formed a part of the river valley inhabitation. The relics of Virat also speaks of the area being inhabited by the Pre-Aryan people of the oldest called Push Karara Nanya (modern Pushkar in Ajmer).
The first Aryan settlement here was at Dundhmer in modern Dundhar. The influence of Jainism and Buddhism, also spread to this region. It witnessed the rule of the Magadha, Kushanas and the Guptas, during which it was divided into Mahajanapadas and Janapadas. Rajasthan formed part of the Mauryan Empire in about 130-150AD and the Guptas ruled it in the 4th century. From about 640AD the Gujars, Pratiharas, Chauhans, Gahlots etc established their independent Kingdoms.
Internal rivalry between the Rajput Kingdoms led to the establishment of many strong Rajput Kingdoms, which resisted the supreme domination of the Mughals. The Mughal rule declined by about 1707AD and gave way to the Marathas. The Marathas were subdued by the British who disintegrated many of its areas. After Independence Rajasthan was organised into a state in 1956.
Art & Culture of Rajasthan
Every region has its very own dialect of music and dance. The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthan culture. Songs are used to tell the legendary battles of Rajputs. Folk songs are commonly ballads, which relate heroic deeds, love stories, and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis and often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.
Rajasthan is known for its traditional and colorful art. The block prints, tie and die prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, Zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets, blue potteries are some of the things you will find here. Rajasthan is also famous for textile, semi-precious stones and Handicraft.
Fair & Festival of Rajasthan
Rajasthan has an unending cycle of fairs and festivals throughout the year. They are perhaps the most colourful and spectacular in the whole of India. Rajasthani festivals give an insight to the colourful life style of the Rajasthani people and are mesmerizing with their folk dances, music, drama and animal races. Some of the main Fairs and festivals are Teej, Gangaur and the Pushkar Fair, Desert festival, Elephant Festival and the Camel festival which are now known worldwide.
Places to See of Rajasthan
Rajasthan India tourism highlights the kaleidoscope images of the princily state which conjures up - from the imposing forts and delicate palaces in Jaipur and Jodhpur, the lake cities of Udaipur and Pushkar, the painted towns of Shekhawati, the sand dunes of Jaisalmer to the national parks of Ranthambore, Bharatpur and Sariska - dazzle tourists from the world over.