Jharkhand is a new state which was formed in eastern India. Jharkhand was formerly a part of the state of Bihar and was formed on 15th November, 2000. Jharkhand is the 28th state of the Indian Union. Jharkhand is also popularly known as Vananchal which means the wooded area. Jharkhand shares its border with Bihar in the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the west, Orissa in the south and West Bengal in the east.
There are 18 districts in Jharkhand. The industrial city of Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand. The other major cities in Jharkhand are Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Giridih, Palamu, Dhanbad, Sahibganj and Hazaribagh. The area of Jharkhand is mainly inhabited by tribes. Jharkhand is located on the Chhota Nagpur Plateau and Santhal Parganas and has evergreen forests, rolling hills and rocky plateaus with many places of keen beauty. Jharkhand can be visited throughout the year as the weather is cool in most of the parts of the state.